Discover Smeaton's Pier & History In St Ives Cornwall

September 08, 2020

Smeaton's Pier St Ives Cornwall

Smeaton’s Pier In St Ives Cornwall – A Fascinating Place To Explore

Smeaton’s Pier is an iconic symbol of St Ives. It must have been painted and photographed more than almost any other pier in the UK. It is far prettier and more interesting than its name suggests!

Smeaton's Pier St Ives Cornwall Beach

Why Is It Called Smeaton’s Pier?

It was named after the pier engineer in charge who was called John Smeaton. It was built between 1767 and 1770 and interestingly has a reservoir at its base. This fills up at high tide, helping to reduce the wave action into the harbour.

Why Are There 2 Lighthouses & 2 Piers?

The original pier was only 120 ft in length and stopped at the old, small lighthouse. This lighthouse is no longer in use.

Smeaton's Pier St Ives Cornwall Old Lighthouse

In 1864 there were grand plans to expand the harbour. The fishing fleet at this time was huge and there was a need for more room. New Pier was built, mainly made from wood (it is sometimes called Wood Pier). The planners must have underestimated the power of the sea in St Ives Bay as it only lasted for 20 years. All that is left now are the rows of supporting timber stumps which can be seen at low tide.

Smeaton's Pier St Ives Cornwall Wood Pier

Smeaton’s Pier was lengthened by another 300ft in the 1890s which is when the current lighthouse was built.

Smeaton's Pier St Ives Cornwall New Lighthouse

The Arches

The 3 arches under the pier were also added to help circulate the seawater and prevent the build up of sand in the harbour.

Smeaton's Pier St Ives Cornwall Arches

The St Ives Fishing Fleet

Smeaton’s Pier is a still working pier for the local fishermen. Please take good care when walking along it as there is often fishing tackle around.

Smeaton's Pier St Ives Cornwall Fishing Tackle

Smeaton's Pier St Ives Cornwall Fishing Sheds

The Harbour Office

The harbour office is usually open most days and displays lots of information in the window.

Smeaton's Pier St Ives Cornwall Harbour Office

The Cintra Anchor

On the seaward side of the pier is The Cintra Anchor.

Smeaton's Pier St Ives Cornwall Cintra Anchor

This anchor, recovered from the seabed in  May 1959, came from the “Cintra”, one of four ships wrecked in St Ives Bay in the Great Gale of 18th November 1893. Due to the severity of the gale, the lifeboat could not be launches. Crews of two vessels were rescued by Breeches Buoy from Carbis Bay beach. Seven of Cintra’s crew of twelve drowned. The other five were rescued by Breeches Buoy from Carbis Bay beach and Carrack Gladden cliffs.

Smeaton's Pier St Ives Cornwall Cintra Wreck

The plaque was installed by local residents & friends of St Ives with the support of the Town Council in 2003.

WW2 Memorial

Further along the pier is a plaque dedicated to the people of St Ives for their support and hospitality to all those Army and Royal Marine Commandos who were billeted in the town and trained in the surrounding area between 1943 – 1950.

Smeaton's Pier St Ives Cornwall War Memorial

St Leonard’s Chapel

St Leonard’s Chapel is a tiny little chapel situated at the entrance to Smeaton’s Pier.

Smeaton's Pier St Ives Cornwall St Leonard's Chapel

It has been there since medieval times. It is where the fishermen used to pray before setting out to sea. Apparently, in “the olden days” a proportion of the fishermans’ catch had to be paid to the chapel friar on their safe return.

Smeaton's Pier St Ives Cornwall St Leonard's Chapel Entrance

On the side of Saint Leonard’s Chapel is a plaque commemorating the record breaking passage made by the St Ives Lugger Lloyd SS5. Scarborough to St Ives, 600 miles in 50 hours in 1902.

Smeaton's Pier St Ives Cornwall Lugger

New Pier Harbour Wall

On the seaward side of Smeaton’s Pier there is New Pier harbour wall. This is a lovely place to stop and sit or even do a spot of crabbing. At high tide there is often a seal or two in the water here looking for fishermens bait! At low tide you can walk down onto Breakwater Beach. This is a lovely bit of beach for dog walking all year round (only at low tide though).

In 2016 work was done to refurbish the seating area on Smeaton’s Pier. The old shelter, benches and railings were very tatty and almost falling down in some places. Work has now been completed and it is a really lovely, sheltered place to stop and sea gaze.

Smeaton's Pier St Ives Cornwall Shelter

I especially like the engravings on the benches.

Smeaton's Pier St Ives Cornwall Benches

The Leach Pottery Tiles

The Leach Pottery held a community event whereby you could go along to the Leach Pottery and design your own tile. The tiles have been collated into a lovely mural that hangs on the wall here.

Smeaton's Pier St Ives Cornwall Leach Pottery Tiles

Painting Of The Lighthouse

As part of the refurbishment, the new lighthouse (which had been looking rather shabby for years) was given a nice new coat of white paint in 2016. Lots of people were up in arms about it, saying it was getting rid of it’s “character”. I think it looks lovely – and the rusty bits are already starting to come back!

Smeaton's Pier St Ives Cornwall Painted Lighthouse

Nearest Facilites To Smeaton’s Pier

Toilets: there are toilets on Smeaton’s Pier which are open year round.

Car Park: there is car parking right on Smeaton’s Pier. It’s a small car park but there are usually spaces in Winter (there were plenty when I went there today at 11am Wednesday 25th Jan).

Food & Drink: there is The Pier Coffee Bar just before you get to Smeaton’s Pier. It serves extremely good coffee. There are lots of other eating & drinking establishments along The Wharf, just a stones throw away from the pier.

Smeaton's Pier St Ives Cornwall Coffee Shop

Read 101 Brilliant Things To Do In St Ives Cornwall >>

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St Ives Seagull

You Might Also Be Interested In Our St Ives Game...

Smeaton's Pier is of courseincluded on our game, The Great St Ives Pasty Dash! It not only has it's own space, it is in the artwork and is on lots of the postcards. If you love St Ives you will love playing our game!
Buy The Great St Ives Pasty Dash Game
Buy The Great St Ives Pasty Dash Game

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